Did Penn State Officials Know Jerry Sandusky Was a Pedophile Since 1998?
-By Eileen Morgan
If you accept the scathing conclusions drawn by Louis Freeh in his July
2012 report, then you believe that Joe Paterno, Tim Curley, Graham
Spanier, and Gary Schultz knew that Jerry Sandusky was a pedophile since
at least 1998 and enabled him to continue to molest boys for over a
decade. At the time Sandusky was investigated in 1998, Curley had been
AD for about 4 years, Schultz had been in his position for a similar
length of time, and Spanier had been president for only about two and a
half years. These men knew that Sandusky had a reputation of being a
pillar of the community, a caring man who had dedicated his life to
helping young, underprivileged children maximize their potential in
life. According to Freeh, these men also knew that Sandusky used his
prestige and celebrity to gain access into the lives of young,
unassuming boys through his Second Mile Foundation. It is there, where
he met and preyed on boys, destroying their innocence, leaving them
psychologically damaged for a lifetime.
Freeh had us believing that these high ranking men of Penn State, Joe
Paterno-Head Football Coach, Tim Curley-Athletic Director, Graham
Spanier-President, and Gray Schultz-Senior VP of Business & Finance,
conspired to cover-up Sandusky’s vile behavior with innocent children
for over 14 years in order to avoid bad publicity and to protect their
precious football program of Penn State.
According to Freeh’s report, these four
men knew that Sandusky was investigated for suspected child abuse in
1998 and, although the District Attorney did not bring charges after a
thorough investigation, these men somehow knew the allegations were
legitimate and that Sandusky was a pedophile. But what were they to do
with this knowledge? Since the DA would not press charges, which would
keep the truth about Sandusky out of public eye, Freeh’s theory suggests
that they now needed to band together and cover-up Sandusky’s sexual
molestation of children.
A ‘cover-up’ is defined as ‘a concealment that attempts to prevent
something scandalous from becoming public.’ Could it be that these men,
from this point forward in mid-1998, were in ‘cover-up’ mode?
Apparently, they needed to conceal Sandusky’s behavior at all costs in
order to protect the football program from bad publicity.
At this juncture, Freeh’s theory would require us to consider the
thoughts and attitudes of these men toward Sandusky after realizing he
was a pedophile. A child molester is probably the lowest form of
humanity on this earth. It is doubtful there are any human beings
detested more than a pedophile. Even when incarcerated for their
depravity towards children, pedophiles are often harmed by fellow
inmates. That is the pinnacle of hatred. Fellow criminals will not
even tolerate the nefarious ways of a child molester. If pedophiles
survive jail time or get a light sentence, they have nowhere to go.
They are completely ostracized from society, despised and given little
value as a human being. Paterno, Curley, Spanier, and Schultz must have
absolutely abhorred Sandusky. They would have had zero respect, zero
tolerance, and zero concern for him. And, they would have wanted
nothing to do with him being that they all had reputations for promoting
the well-being and development of children and youth. Not only was
Sandusky the lowest form of life, but, by Freeh’s account, Sandusky now
brought them into his sick world, and in order to protect the football
program they had to accept his lifestyle and stand idly by while he
continued to destroy children’s lives while they turned a blind eye.
The Alleged Cover-Up Begins
The first investigation of Sandusky began in May
1998. However, just a couple months earlier, in February, Paterno and
Sandusky began talks about Sandusky’s retirement. So, within two months
of the first talks of Sandusky’s retirement, the four senior officials
at Penn State allegedly became aware that Sandusky was a serial
pedophile. Sandusky’s retirement would have been the perfect way out of
this mess. Given the circumstances and their likely disgust for
Sandusky, they would have wanted to
distance themselves from him as far as possible and as quickly as
possible. A speedy retirement would have been the clear-cut remedy.
Knowing the probable
mindset the Penn State officials must have had toward Sandusky and his
repugnant behavior, consider the following timeline of events that
transpired since 1998. Do the actions of the Penn State officials
harmonize with their aversion to Sandusky? Was there a speedy
retirement and a quick disengagement from all contact with him? Keep in
mind that year after year these men were becoming more deeply involved
within their cover-up, Freeh speculates, so they had to protect
themselves and their criminality even more. Incredulously, we are asked
to believe that these actions were indicative of how the four men would
have interacted with Sandusky, the man they were trying to distance
themselves from as quickly as possible.
Interactions of Paterno, Curley, Spanier and Schultz with
are referenced from Freeh Report)
Paterno made it clear to Sandusky that Sandusky would not be the
next head football coach (p.56) (due to his time spent with Second Mile.
Curley considered offering Sandusky an Assistant Athletic
Director position. Sandusky declined. (p.56)
Report of suspected child abuse of Sandusky to UP Police, State
College Police, DPW, CYS, DA. (p.41)
DA determined no charges would be filed following a thorough
Email from Curley to Spanier and Schultz, “I had a good meeting
with Jerry today. He is interested in going one more year (coaching)
and then transition into a spot that handles the outreach program….We
need to have Joe in support.” (p.57, Exhibit 3C)
Sandusky’s letter re Retirement requesting: Second Mile to have
an ‘on-going’ relationship with Penn State, Second Mile to have
continuing ‘visibility’ at Penn State, Sandusky wanted ‘active
involvement in developing an outreach program featuring Penn State
Athletes’ and wanted ‘ways for him to continue to work with young people
through Penn State.’ (p.58, Exhibit 3E)
Sandusky also requested a $20,000 yearly annuity in addition to
his pension, an office with telephone, a title reflecting his
relationship with Penn State, football ticket options, access to
training and workout facilities, opportunity to run a football camp, and
other options of maintaining visibility with Penn State. (p.58, Exhibit
13th, Curley emailed Spanier and Schultz that ‘Jerry
is leaning towards retirement if they agree to the $20,000 annuity.’
The email also stated that ‘Joe did give him the option to continue
to coach as long as Joe was coach.’ And ‘Perhaps we could suggest
another option of him coaching three more seasons….Since Joe
is okay with him continuing to coach this might make more sense to
all concerned.’ (p.58, Exhibit 3G)
29th, PSU finalized a retirement agreement which was
agreed to by Sandusky and PSU on June 29, 1999 which gave Sandusky a
one-time lump sum (in lieu of the yearly $20,000 annuity); football
tickets for life; basketball tickets for life; use of locker, weight
rooms and locker room facilities for life; for 5 years, subject to
renewal, Sandusky and PSU agreed to work collaboratively with each other
in community outreach programs, such as Second Mile, and Second Mile
will have occasional recognition in the Beaver Stadium Pictorial and the
Penn State Football Story Show; and Sandusky will have an office and a
phone in the East Area locker room complex for purposes of these
collaborative arrangements. (p.59, Exhibit 3H)
30th, Curley sought to have Sandusky re-employed as
an ‘emergency hire’ for the 1999 football season. Sandusky was re-hired
for 95 days at his existing salary plus 6% cost of living increase.
Curley announced Sandusky’s retirement and said Sandusky ‘will
continue to offer his services on a volunteer basis to the athletic
department’s Lifeskills and Outreach programs.’ (p.108)
In the same announcement, Paterno praised
to the University’s football program and said
Sandusky was ‘…a person of great
character and integrity.’
University officials agreed to give Sandusky Emeritus Rank.
Provost Rodney Erickson signed off granting Sandusky Emeritus Status.
Sandusky’s final season as a Penn State football coach.
NOTE: Freeh’s Special Investigative Counsel did not find any
evidence that Sandusky’s retirement was associated with Sandusky’s
alleged criminal behavior on May 3, 1998. (pp. 55, 58)
Overview of Sandusky’s Post Retirement
Relationship with Penn State
Sandusky operated summer youth football camps at University Park
campus (1999-2008), Behrend campus (2000-2008) and Harrisburg campus
(2007-2008). (pp.105, 108)
After his retirement, PSU made 71 payments to Sandusky for
travel, meals, lodging, speaking engagements, and camps. Speeches were
at American Football Coaches Association, Penn State Leadership
Conference, and a presentation at Penn State Spring Conference. (p.106)
Sandusky had regular access to premium season seats in the
Nittany Lion Club for all home PSU football games. (p.105)
Penn State football staff and players helped Sandusky with his
annual Second Mile Golf Outings. (p.108)
Mike McQueary witnessed Sandusky alone in the shower with a boy
in the football locker room. (p.62)
McQueary told his father, John, and Dr. Dranov (omitted by Freeh),
who told Mike to tell Paterno, who informed Curley and Schultz, who
informed Spanier. McQueary also met directly with Curley and Schultz.
Curley informed the executive director of Second Mile, Jack Raykovitz,
who told two Second Mile board members. (p.62)
Schultz discussed the matter with PSU outside legal counsel
Wendell Courtney. (p.62)
Schultz and PSU legal counsel Wendell Courtney recollected that
Centre County CYS was informed.(p.84 and p. 213 of Preliminary Perjury
Curley and Schultz discussed, according to an email that was
CC’d to Schultz’s assistant Joan Coble, the possibility of informing
Dept. of Public Welfare. (p.73, Exhibit 5F)
Sandusky was told by Curley and Raykovitz not to bring children
into the football facility any more. (pp.76-78)
In a press release, Gary Schultz praised Sandusky for his work
with Second Mile. (p. 79)
Late 2008, Aaron Fisher (Victim 1) reports abuse by Sandusky.
General (Tom Corbett) launches his Sandusky investigation.
Investigation is ramped up. PSU subpoenaed for Sandusky’s
records. (p. 82)
14th, Curley wrote a letter of recommendation for
Sandusky for the American
Football Coaches Association Outstanding Achievement Award.
28th, PSU counsel Cynthia Baldwin was informed that
Paterno, Curley and Schultz would be subpoenaed. (p.82)
28th, Baldwin informed Spanier and Schultz. (p.83)
3rd, Baldwin met with Paterno. (p.83)
12th, Paterno, Curley, and Schultz appeared before the
Grand Jury. (p.84)
24th, Spanier subpoenaed to testify before the Grand
28th, Curley and Spanier received word that the
Patriot-News was running a story about the Sandusky investigation.
31st, Patriot-News ran story about Sandusky
4th, Charges filed against Curley, Schultz and
9th, Paterno and Spanier terminated from PSU (p.94)
Do PSU Officials’ Actions Correlate with Freeh’s Depiction?
summarize, in 1998 the PSU men would have been repulsed by Sandusky and
desperate to disassociate themselves from him immediately. Since,
according to Freeh, they were now presumably covering up Sandusky’s
crimes, implicating themselves in criminal activity, they would have
been in all out ‘protective mode.’ But the last thing they would have
Sandusky retired, was for him to have unlimited access to the football
facilities. Logical thinking would suggest they couldn’t have taken the
Sandusky committing additional crimes at these facilities, increasing
the possibility of exposing their own cover-up and criminal activity.
This would have been much too risky.
Recap of Behavior
Special Investigative Counsel did not find any evidence that
Sandusky’s retirement was associated with his alleged criminal behavior
on May 3, 1998. If PSU officials knew of Sandusky’s pedophilia, why
didn’t they jump at the chance to firm up his retirement quickly in
Retirement talks began in February 1998 but did not come to fruition
until June 1999, 1.5 years later. Paterno gave Sandusky the option to
continue to coach as long as Paterno was head coach, and Curley and
Paterno discussed the option of Sandusky coaching 3 more years.
Sandusky asked for many special retirement perks. If the PSU officials
were covering up for his pedophilia, Sandusky would have had NO
negotiating power and his retirement would have been post-haste.
Curley negotiated an emergency re-hire for the 1999 season at
Sandusky’s regular salary PLUS 6% cost of living, a very generous offer
and increase for someone he must have loathed if he knew
Sandusky was molesting children.
the retirement agreement, University officials granted Sandusky Emeritus
status and the men ‘allowed’ the retirement to include unlimited access
to the football facilities, workout room and locker room, the very place
Freeh believes they knew that some of Sandusky’s depraved sexual events
PSU officials agreed to an on-going relationship with Sandusky and
Second Mile. Sandusky continued to run camps for young
boys at Penn State’s Main Campus for almost a decade after he retired,
was paid for speeches, travel, food, etc. at PSU functions, and had
premium seating for all home football games. PSU football coaches and
players participated throughout the years in Second Mile golf outing
Freeh disclosed emails from the 2001 incident in which
Spanier expressed the course of action they would take with Sandusky,
based on what they knew at the time, was ‘humane and reasonable.’
(Exhibit 5G) If Spanier knew Sandusky was a child molester, why would he
have had any concern for him and care if they were ‘humane and
reasonable’ toward him? It flies in the face of logic. In
addition, Exhibits 5C, 5E, 5F, and 5G all discuss informing the Dept. of
Public Welfare (DPW) and Second Mile. If they were trying to conceal
Sandusky’s behavior why would going to DPW and Second Mile even be an
option? Curley in fact did report the incident to Second Mile,
Sandusky’s employer and agency responsible for the children in
Sandusky’s care. They obviously were not concealing their ‘cover-up.’
In July 1999, Paterno publicly praised
Sandusky and said he was ‘a person of great character and integrity.’
In 2001, Schultz publicly praised Sandusky for his Second Mile work.
And in May 2010, Curley wrote a letter of recommendation for Sandusky
for the American Football Coaches Association Outstanding
these actions represent actions of men who knew Jerry Sandusky was a
pedophile? Do these actions depict animosity one would have toward a
serial child molester, who they knew had unfettered access to young boys
through the Second Mile and who could, at any time of day, week after
week, month after month, year after year, be molesting innocent boys?
Where Are The Emails and Phone Records?
December 28, 2010, Spanier and Schultz knew that Paterno, Curley and
Schultz were subpoenaed to appear before the Grand Jury on January 12,
2011. Freeh discovered a chain of two emails dated January 10, 2011
between Wendell Courtney and Gary Schultz. Courtney was giving Schultz a
heads-up that Baldwin had called him inquiring about the 2001 incident.
these four men at PSU had conspired for over a decade to cover-up
Sandusky’s pedophilia, there would probably have been a rash of emails
and phone calls between them once they found out they were being
subpoenaed to testify about Sandusky. Around the end of December 2010
and beginning of January 2011 these men would have been scrambling to
talk to one another, to get their story straight, and to review their
knowledge of 1998 and 2001 so that they would be on the same page
regarding Sandusky’s behavior.
Freeh found two routine emails between Courtney and Schultz on January
10, 2011. That’s it. Where are all the other emails between Curley,
Spanier, and Schultz? Certainly Freeh would have discovered numerous
emails between these men discussing the subpoenas and their plan of
attack regarding Sandusky and their cover-up. These men were about to
have their presumed 14 year cover-up of a former coach molesting boys on
the Penn State campus blown wide open. This was a five alarm fire. So
where are the five alarm fire related emails?
What about phone records? The Attorney General subpoenaed the men’s PSU
office phone records, as well as their home and cell phone records.
Surely there would have been a conspicuous trail of relevant phone calls
between these men who were desperate to talk to each other so their
stories regarding the last 14 years would corroborate with one
addition, knowing they were complicit with Sandusky’s crimes all those
years and knowing they would probably be facing criminal charges,
wouldn’t Curley, Schultz and Spanier have retained competent counsel who
specialized in criminal matters?
the lack of emails, lack of phone records, and lack of proper counsel
portray the behavior of men being subpoenaed who had conspired in a
child molestation cover-up? Do their actions represent actions of men
who knew Jerry Sandusky was a pedophile since 1998?
No. In reality, the PSU officials’ behavior suggests that they had
absolutely no idea Sandusky was ever a pedophile. Freeh’s most
‘saddening finding’ that Paterno, Curley, Spanier, and Schultz knowingly
allowed Sandusky to molest boys for over a decade is clearly NOT
SUPPORTED by facts, actions, or records.